The Peoples Bank of China is the central bank of the People’s Republic of China (not to be confused with the Bank of China or the Central Bank of China) with the power to control monetary policy and regulate financial institutions in mainland China. The Governor of the People’s Bank of China is nominated by the Premier and approved by the National People’s Congress, and is also member of the State Council. The People’s Bank of China has more financial assets than any other single public finance institution in the history of the world.
The bank was established on December 1, 1948 based on the consolidation of the Huabei Bank, the Beihai Bank and the Xibei Farmer Bank. The headquarters was first located in Shijiazhuang, Hebei, and then moved to Beijing in 1949. Between 1949 and 1978 the PBC was the only bank in the People’s Republic of China and was responsible for both central banking and commercial banking operations.